Functional assessment for clinical use of serum-free adapted NK-92 cells
Chrobok, Michael and Dahlberg, Carin I. M. and Sayitoğlu, Ece Canan and Beljanski, Vladimir and Nahi, Hareth and Gilljam, Mari and Stellan, Birgitta and Sütlü, Tolga and Duru, Adil Doğanay and Alıcı, Evren (2019) Functional assessment for clinical use of serum-free adapted NK-92 cells. Cancers, 11 (1). ISSN 2072-6694
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11010069
Natural killer (NK) cells stand out as promising candidates for cellular immunotherapy due to their capacity to kill malignant cells. However, the therapeutic use of NK cells is often dependent on cell expansion and activation with considerable amounts of serum and exogenous cytokines. We aimed to develop an expansion protocol for NK-92 cells in an effort to generate a cost-efficient, xeno-free, clinical grade manufactured master cell line for therapeutic applications. By making functional assays with NK-92 cells cultured under serum-free conditions (NK-92(SF)) and comparing to serum-supplemented NK-92 cells (NK-92(S)) we did not observe significant alterations in the viability, proliferation, receptor expression levels, or in perforin and granzyme levels. Interestingly, even though NK-92(SF) cells displayed decreased degranulation and cytotoxicity against tumor cells in vitro, the degranulation capacity was recovered after overnight incubation with 20% serum in the medium. Moreover, lentiviral vector-based genetic modification efficiency of NK-92(SF) cells was comparable with NK-92(S) cells. The application of similar strategies can be useful in reducing the costs of manufacturing cells for clinical use and can help us understand and implement strategies towards chemically defined expansion and genetic modification protocols.
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