Silicone-based composite materials simulate breast tissue to be used as ultrasonography training phantoms
Gül, Burçin and Kılıç, Deniz and Bozkurt, Ayhan and Arıbal, Mustafa Erkin and Akbulut, Özge (2018) Silicone-based composite materials simulate breast tissue to be used as ultrasonography training phantoms. Ultrasonics, 88 . pp. 9-15. ISSN 0041-624X (Print) 1874-9968 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultras.2018.03.001
A silicone-based composite breast phantom is fabricated to be used as an education model in ultrasonography training. A matrix of silicone formulations is tracked to mimic the ultrasonography and tactile response of human breast tissue. The performance of two different additives: (i) silicone oil and (ii) vinyl-terminated poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) are monitored by a home-made acoustic setup. Through the use of 75 wt% vinyl-terminated PDMS in two-component silicone elastomer mixture, a sound velocity of 1.29 ± 0.09 × 103 m/s and an attenuation coefficient of 12.99 ± 0.08 dB/cm—values those match closely to the human breast tissue—are measured with 5 MHz probe. This model can also be used for needle biopsy as well as for self-exam trainings. Herein, we highlight the fabrication of a realistic, durable, accessible, and cost-effective training platform that contains skin layer, inner breast tissue, and tumor masses.
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