7-Bit SiGe-BiCMOS step attenuator for x-band phased-array RADAR applications
Davulcu, Murat and Çalışkan, Can and Kalyoncu, İlker and Kaynak, Mehmet and Gürbüz, Yaşar (2016) 7-Bit SiGe-BiCMOS step attenuator for x-band phased-array RADAR applications. IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, 26 (8). pp. 598-600. ISSN 1531-1309 (Print) 1558-1764 (Online)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LMWC.2016.2585565
This letter presents a 7-bit CMOS step attenuator for the first time in the literature, designed with isolated NMOS (iNMOS) using IHP 0.25 mu m SiGe BiCMOS process technology. INMOS' are utilized to decreasethe insertion loss (IL) caused by internal parasitic capacitances, which is especially important when cascading 7 attenuation stages. The attenuator has a measured maximum relative attenuation of 16.51 dB with an increment of 0.13 dB while exhibiting a root mean square (RMS) amplitude error of less than 0.13 dB, the lowest error ever reported. In addition, the attenuator exhibits an RMS phase error of 2.7 degrees at 10 GHz. The measured input referred 1 dB compression point (IP1 dB) of the attenuator is 12.5 dBm at 10 GHz. Moreover, the attenuator demonstrates an IL of less than 12.5 dB in X-band (8-12 GHz). The total chip area excluding pads is 0.29 mm(2).
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