Dynamic network control for confidential multi-hop communications
Sarıkaya, Yunus and Köksal, Can Emre and Erçetin, Özgür (2016) Dynamic network control for confidential multi-hop communications. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 24 (2). pp. 1181-1195. ISSN 1063-6692 (Print) 1558-2566 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNET.2015.2414945
We consider the problem of resource allocation and control of multihop networks in which multiple source- destination pairs communicate confidential messages, to be kept confidential from the intermediate nodes. We pose the problem as that of network utility maximization, into which confidentiality is incorporated as an additional quality of service constraint. We develop a simple, and yet provably optimal dynamic control algorithm that combines flow control, routing and end-to-end secrecy-encoding. In order to achieve confidentiality, our scheme exploits multipath diversity and temporal diversity due to channel variability. Our end-to-end dynamic encoding scheme encodes confidential messages over many packets, to be combined at the ultimate destination for recovery. We first develop an optimal dynamic policy by considering the possibility of encoding over very long blocks of information. Next, we consider encoding over finite number of codewords, which eliminates the possibility of achieving perfect secrecy. For this case, we develop a dynamic policy to choose the encoding rates for each message, based on the instantaneous channel state information, queue states and secrecy outage requirements. By numerical analysis, we observe that the proposed scheme approaches the optimal rates asymptotically with increasing block size. Finally, we address the consequences of practical implementation issues such as infrequent queue updates and de-centralized scheduling. We demonstrate the efficacy of our policies by numerical studies under various network conditions.
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