Modeling differences in the time-frequency representation of EEG signals through HMM’s for classification of imaginary motor tasks
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Delgado, Jaime Fernando and Çetin, Müjdat (2011) Modeling differences in the time-frequency representation of EEG signals through HMM’s for classification of imaginary motor tasks. [Working Paper / Technical Report] Sabanci University ID:10.5900/SU_FENS_WP.2011.16498
Brain Computer interfaces are systems that allow the control of external devices using the information extracted from the brain signals. Such systems find applications in rehabilitation, as an alternative communication channel and in multimedia applications for entertainment and gaming. In this work, a new approach based on the Time-Frequency (TF) distribution of the signal power, obtained by autoregressive methods and the use Hidden Markov models (HMM) is developed. This approach take into account the changes of power on different frequency bands with time. For that purpose HMM’s are used to modeling the
changes in the power during the execution of two different motor tasks. The use of TF methods involves a problem related to the selection of the frequency bands that can lead to over fitting (due to the course of dimensionality) as well as problems related to the selection of the model parameters. These problems are solved in this work by combining two methods for feature selection: Fisher
Score and Sequential Floating Forward Selection. The results are compared to the three top results of the BCI competition IV. It is shown here that the proposed method over perform those other methods in four subjects and the average over all the subjects equals the one obtained by the winner algorithm of the competition.
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