Next generation satellite systems for aeronautical communications
Erçetin, Özgür and Ball, Michael O. and Tassiulas, Leandros (2004) Next generation satellite systems for aeronautical communications. International journal of satellite communications and networking, 22 (2). pp. 157-179. ISSN 1542-0973
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sat.770
U.S. airspace is reaching its capacity with the current air traffic control (ATC) system. The number of flights is constantly rising and it is estimated to be over 58 million per year by 2005. The FAA has undertaken several projects to modernize the National Airspace System (NAS) to ensure the safety of the increasing number of flights. Of special importance is the modernization of the air-ground communications infrastructure, which is the heart of the ATC. The current plan in the modernization of the air-ground communications is to migrate from analog voice only system to integrated digital voice and data system. The next generation satellite systems can be an alternative to the terrestrial air-ground systems by their low propagation and transmission delays, global coverage, high capacity and free flight suitable characteristics. In this paper, we give an overview of the current and the future ATC architectures, describe the systems and the communications issues in these systems and develop a framework in which next generation satellite systems can be integrated to the future ATC systems.
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