Graphene textiles towards soft wearable interfaces for electroocular remote control of objects
Jedari Golparvar, Ata (2019) Graphene textiles towards soft wearable interfaces for electroocular remote control of objects. [Thesis]
Study of eye movements (EMs) and measurement of the resulting biopotentials, referred to as electrooculography (EOG), may find increasing use in applications within the domain of activity recognition, context awareness, mobile human-computer interaction (HCI) applications, and personalized medicine provided that the limitations of conventional “wet” electrodes are addressed. To overcome the limitations of conventional electrodes, this work, reports for the first time the use and characterization of graphene-based electroconductive textile electrodes for EOG acquisition using a custom-designed embedded eye tracker. This self-contained wearable device consists of a headband with integrated textile electrodes and a small, pocket-worn, battery-powered hardware with real-time signal processing which can stream data to a remote device over Bluetooth. The feasibility of the developed gel-free, flexible, dry textile electrodes was experimentally authenticated through side-by-side comparison with pre-gelled, wet, silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) electrodes, where the simultaneously and asynchronous recorded signals displayed correlation of up to ~87% and ~91% respectively over durations reaching hundred seconds and repeated on several participants. Additionally, an automatic EM detection algorithm is developed and the performance of the graphene-embedded “all-textile” EM sensor and its application as a control element toward HCI is experimentally demonstrated. The excellent success rate ranging from 85% up to 100% for eleven different EM patterns demonstrates the applicability of the proposed algorithm in wearable EOG-based sensing and HCI applications with graphene textiles. The system-level integration and the holistic design approach presented herein which starts from fundamental materials level up to the architecture and algorithm stage is highlighted and will be instrumental to advance the state-of-the-art in wearable electronic devices based on sensing and processing of electrooculograms.
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