The adsorption effect of freestanding SiOx-decorated stabilized polyacrylonitrile interlayers in lithium-sulfur batteries
Cengiz, Elif Ceylan and Ansari Hamedani, Ali and Hayat Soytaş, Serap and Demir-Çakan, Rezan (2019) The adsorption effect of freestanding SiOx-decorated stabilized polyacrylonitrile interlayers in lithium-sulfur batteries. Dalton Transactions, 48 (13). pp. 4353-4361. ISSN 1477-9226 (Print) 1477-9234 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C8DT04674C
Lithium-sulfur batteries are well-known for their high theoretical specific capacity and high energy density. However, they face rapid capacity fading after the initial cycles due to the dissolution of polysulfides which further results in the shuttle effect. To address this issue and to protect the Li anode surface, silicon suboxide decorated stabilized polyacrylonitrile (sPAN-SiOx) fibermats are used as a freestanding interlayer on the cathode side. Polysulfides are easily captured at the cathode side by the help of complementary adsorption effect of oxygen-containing functional groups, SiOx and pyridinic-N structure of sPAN-SiOx resulting in better electrochemical cell performance. The adsorption effect of those functional groups and SiOx is confirmed by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analysis as obvious shifts in the binding energies and reductions of the peak intensities in the presence of polysulfides. The battery cell with sPAN-SiOx interlayer perform a discharge capacity of 646 mAh/g after 100 cycles of charge-discharge at C/5 current density which is a significant increase compared to the cells with stabilized polyacrylonitrile (sPAN) interlayer or the cells without interlayer.
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