Mapping QTLs conferring salt tolerance and micronutrient concentrations at seedling stage in wheat
Hussain, Babar and Lucas, Stuart J. and Öztürk, Levent and Budak, Hikmet (2017) Mapping QTLs conferring salt tolerance and micronutrient concentrations at seedling stage in wheat. Scientific Reports, 7 . ISSN 2045-2322
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-15726-6
Soil salinization and degradation is one of the consequences of climate change. Identification of major salt tolerance genes and marker assisted selection (MAS) can accelerate wheat breeding for this trait. We genotyped 154 wheat F2 lines derived from a cross between salt tolerant and susceptible cultivars using the Axiom Wheat Breeder’s Genotyping Array. A high-density linkage map of 988 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was constructed and utilized for quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping for salt tolerance traits and mineral concentrations under salinity. Of 49 mapped QTLs, six were for Na+ exclusion (NAX) and two QTLs (qSNAX.2 A.1, qSNAX.2 A.2) on chromosome 2 A coincided with a reported major NAX QTL (Nax1 or HKT1;4). Two other major NAX QTLs were mapped on 7 A, which contributed 11.23 and 18.79% of the salt tolerance respectively. In addition to Ca+2 and Mg+2 QTLs, twenty-seven QTLs for tissue Phosphorus, Zinc, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Sulphur and Boron concentrations under salinity were also mapped. The 1293 segregating SNPs were annotated/located within genes for various ion channels, signalling pathways, transcription factors (TFs), metabolic pathways and 258 of them showed differential expression in silico under salinity. These findings will create new opportunities for salt tolerance breeding programs.
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