Turkey's future with the European Union: an alternative model of differentiated integration
Müftüler-Baç, Meltem (2017) Turkey's future with the European Union: an alternative model of differentiated integration. Turkish Studies, 18 (3). pp. 416-438. ISSN 1468-3849 (Print) 1743-9663 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14683849.2017.1300534
Turkey's accession to the European Union (EU) is one of the most controversial cases in its enlargement policy. Both external and domestic factors complicate its accession, bringing forth questions on geographical, cultural borders of Europe as well as the limits of EU's institutional capacity. While Turkey's accession seems to be farther away, it is, nonetheless, functionally integrated to the EU in multiple ways, ranging from trade, common foreign and security policy, justice and home affairs to energy cooperation. It is, therefore, critical to assess whether alternative modes of integration are possible for Turkish-EU relations, going beyond formal membership. To do so, the paper draws upon the in-depth interviews conducted with Turkish and EU officials in 2013, 2015 and 2016. The paper evaluates the degree of differentiated integration between Turkey and the EU, and assesses the trajectory of this functional integration in related policy areas and proposes multiple new avenues to further this cooperation.
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