Unraveling the motions behind Enterovirus 71 uncoating
Ross, Caroline Jane and Atılgan, Ali Rana and Taştan Bishop, Özlem and Atılgan, Canan (2018) Unraveling the motions behind Enterovirus 71 uncoating. Biophysical Journal, 114 (4). pp. 822-838. ISSN 0006-3495 (Print) 1542-0086 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2017.12.021
Enterovirus 71 can be a severe pathogen in small children and immunocompromised adults. Virus uncoating is a critical step in the infection of the host cell; however, the mechanisms that control this process remain poorly understood. We applied normal mode analysis and perturbation response scanning to several complexes of the virus capsid and present a coarse-graining approach to analyze the full capsid. We show that our method offers an alternative to expressing the system as a set of rigid blocks and accounts for the interconnection between nodes within each subunit and protein interfaces across the capsid. In our coarse-grained approach, the modes associated with capsid expansion are captured in the first three nondegenerate modes and correspond to the changes observed in structural studies of the virus. We show that the resolution of the analysis may be modified without losing information on the global motions leading to uncoating. Perturbation response scanning revealed that a protomer cannot serve as a functional unit to explain deformations of the capsid. Instead, we define a pentamer as the minimum functional unit to investigate changes within the capsid. From the modal analysis and perturbation response scanning, we locate a hotspot region surrounding the fivefold axis. The range of the effect of these single, hotspot residues extend to 140 angstrom. The perturbation of internal capsid residues in this region displayed greatest propensity to capsid expansion, thus indicating the significant role that the RNA genome may play in triggering uncoating.
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