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Young children's reliance on information from inaccurate informants

Kim, Sunae and Paulus, Markus and Kalish, Chuck (2017) Young children's reliance on information from inaccurate informants. Cognitive Science, 41 (S3). pp. 601-621. ISSN 0364-0213 (Print) 1551-6709 (Online)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12471

Abstract

Prior work shows that children selectively learn from credible speakers. Yet little is known how they treat information from non-credible speakers. This research examined to what extent and under what conditions children may or may not learn from problematic sources. In three studies, we found that children displayed trust toward previously inaccurate speakers. Children were equally likely to extend labels from previously accurate and inaccurate speakers to novel objects. Moreover, they expected third parties to share labels provided by previously inaccurate speakers. Only when there was clear evidence that the speakers' information was wrong (as in the case when speakers' perceptual access to the information was blocked), did young children reject the label. Together, the findings provide evidence that young children do not completely ignore the labels supplied by non-credible speakers unless there is strong reason to do so.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Preschoolers; Selective learning; Selective trust; Social cognition; Speaker reliability
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:31135
Deposited By:Sunae Kim
Deposited On:20 Apr 2017 11:54
Last Modified:20 Apr 2017 12:07

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