Five years after the Arab Spring: a critical evaluation
Bülent, Aras and Falk, Richard (2016) Five years after the Arab Spring: a critical evaluation. Third World Quarterly . ISSN 0143-6597 (Print) 1360-2241 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2016.1224087
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2016.1224087
A new political geography has emerged in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) after the Arab Spring. The transformative impact of the popular upheavals appeared to put an end to long-term authoritarian regimes. Today, the region is far from stable since authoritarian resilience violently pushed back popular demands for good governance and is pushing to restore former state structures. However, the collective consciousness of the popular revolts endures, and a transformative prospect may emerge on the horizon. The chaotic situation is the result of an ongoing struggle between those who seek change and transformation and others in favour of the status quo ante. A critical evaluation of the Arab Spring after five years indicates a continuous process of recalculation and recalibration of policies and strategies. There are alternative routes for an eventual settlement in the MENA region, which are in competition against both regional and transregional quests for a favourable order.
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