Parliament membership during the single-party system in Turkey (1925-1945)
Koçak, Cemil (2005) Parliament membership during the single-party system in Turkey (1925-1945). European Journal of Turkish Studies (Thematic Issue; 3. Being a MP in contemporary Turkey). pp. 1-19. ISSN 0161-5703
Official URL: http://www.ejts.org/document497.html
The official legitimization of the single-party regime in Turkey lay with Parliament, which, as a representative of the people, controlled the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. However, the parliamentary period after 1925 was highlighted by a lack of freedom of speech, with scope for political discussion limited. This paper aims to establish the role of MPs during this period. At the head of the single-party system, the President was free to choose every party member for Parliament. This meant competition was very restricted, be it in the form of short-lived opposition parties or independent candidates. During the selection process, some social classes, for example high-ranking officer and bureaucrats were privileged. These two groups were the most common in Parliament. On the other hand, local ties were sometimes respected by the regime: rural notables with close relations with party headquarters were easily elected, and remained in Parliament. A MPs’ chance of re-election was significant if he performed his duty with loyalty to the party. The author underlines a stabilization of political personnel throughout this period.
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