title   
  

Parliament membership during the single-party system in Turkey (1925-1945)

Koçak, Cemil (2005) Parliament membership during the single-party system in Turkey (1925-1945). European Journal of Turkish Studies (Thematic Issue; 3. Being a MP in contemporary Turkey). pp. 1-19. ISSN 0161-5703

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
330Kb

Official URL: http://www.ejts.org/document497.html

Abstract

The official legitimization of the single-party regime in Turkey lay with Parliament, which, as a representative of the people, controlled the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. However, the parliamentary period after 1925 was highlighted by a lack of freedom of speech, with scope for political discussion limited. This paper aims to establish the role of MPs during this period. At the head of the single-party system, the President was free to choose every party member for Parliament. This meant competition was very restricted, be it in the form of short-lived opposition parties or independent candidates. During the selection process, some social classes, for example high-ranking officer and bureaucrats were privileged. These two groups were the most common in Parliament. On the other hand, local ties were sometimes respected by the regime: rural notables with close relations with party headquarters were easily elected, and remained in Parliament. A MPs’ chance of re-election was significant if he performed his duty with loyalty to the party. The author underlines a stabilization of political personnel throughout this period.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:J Political Science > JQ Political institutions and public administration (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area etc.)
ID Code:27
Deposited By:Cemil Koçak
Deposited On:25 Sep 2006 03:00
Last Modified:12 Dec 2007 14:24

Repository Staff Only: item control page