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Oxidative stress is a mediator for increased lipid accumulation in a newly isolated Dunaliella salina strain

Yılancıoğlu, Kaan and Çokol, Murat and Pastırmacı, İnanç and Erman, Batu and Çetiner, Selim (2014) Oxidative stress is a mediator for increased lipid accumulation in a newly isolated Dunaliella salina strain. PLoS One, 9 (3). ISSN 1932-6203 (Print) 1932-6203 (Online)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091957

Abstract

Green algae offer sustainable, clean and eco-friendly energy resource. However, production efficiency needs to be improved. Increasing cellular lipid levels by nitrogen depletion is one of the most studied strategies. Despite this, the underlying physiological and biochemical mechanisms of this response have not been well defined. Algae species adapted to hypersaline conditions can be cultivated in salty waters which are not useful for agriculture or consumption. Due to their inherent extreme cultivation conditions, use of hypersaline algae species is better suited for avoiding culture contamination issues. In this study, we identified a new halophilic Dunaliella salina strain by using 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We found that growth and biomass productivities of this strain were directly related to nitrogen levels, as the highest biomass concentration under 0.05 mM or 5 mM nitrogen regimes were 495 mg/l and 1409 mg/l, respectively. We also confirmed that nitrogen limitation increased cellular lipid content up to 35% under 0.05 mM nitrogen concentration. In order to gain insight into the mechanisms of this phenomenon, we applied fluorometric, flow cytometric and spectrophotometric methods to measure oxidative stress and enzymatic defence mechanisms. Under nitrogen depleted cultivation conditions, we observed increased lipid peroxidation by measuring an important oxidative stress marker, malondialdehyde and enhanced activation of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and superoxide dismutase antioxidant enzymes. These observations indicated that oxidative stress is accompanied by increased lipid content in the green alga. In addition, we also showed that at optimum cultivation conditions, inducing oxidative stress by application of exogenous H2O2 leads to increased cellular lipid content up to 44% when compared with non-treated control groups. Our results support that oxidative stress and lipid overproduction are linked. Importantly, these results also suggest that oxidative stress mediates lipid accumulation. Understanding such relationships may provide guidance for efficient production of algal biodiesels.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Article Number: e91957
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
ID Code:24462
Deposited By:Murat Çokol
Deposited On:23 Nov 2014 21:42
Last Modified:23 Nov 2014 21:42

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