Simple virtual slip force sensor for walking biped robots
Hashlamon, Iyad and Erbatur, Kemalettin (2013) Simple virtual slip force sensor for walking biped robots. In: 9th Asian Control Conference (ASCC 2013), Istanbul, Turkey
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ASCC.2013.6606399
This paper presents a novel simple Virtual Slip Force Sensor (VSFS) for a walking biped. Bipeds walking stability is critical and they tend to lose it easily in real environments. Among the significant aspects that affect the stability is the availability of the required friction force which is necessary for the robot not to slip. In this paper we propose the use of the virtual sensor to detect the slip force. The design structure of the VSFS consists of two steps, in the first step it utilizes the measured acceleration of the center of mass (CoM) and the ZMP signals in the simple linear inverted pendulum model (LIPM) to estimate the position of the CoM, and in the second step the Newton law is employed to find the total ground reaction force (GRF) for each leg based on the position of CoM. Then both the estimated force and the measured force from the sensors assembled at the foot are used to detect the slip force. The validity of the proposed estimation method was confirmed by simulations on 3D dynamics model of the humanoid robot SURALP while walking. The results are promising and prove themselves well.
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