Individual differences in object versus spatial imagery: from neural correlates to real-world applications
Kozhevnikov, Maria and Blazhenkova, Olesya (2013) Individual differences in object versus spatial imagery: from neural correlates to real-world applications. In: Lacey, Simon and Lawson, Rebecca, (eds.) Multisensory Imagery. Springer Publishing Company, New York, pp. 299-318. ISBN 978-1-4614-5878-4 (Print) 978-1-4614-5879-1 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5879-1_16
This chapter focuses on individual differences in object and spatial–visual imagery both from theoretical and applied perspectives. While object imagery refers to representations of the literal appearances of individual objects and scenes in terms of their shape, color, and texture, spatial imagery refers to representations of the spatial relations among objects, locations of objects in space, movements of objects and their parts, and other complex spatial transformations. First, we review cognitive neuroscience and psychology research regarding the dissociation between object and spatial–visual imagery. Next, we discuss evidence on how this dissociation extends to individual differences in object and spatial imagery, followed by a discussion showing that individual differences in object and spatial imagery follow different developmental courses. After that we focus on cognitive and educational research that provides ecological validation of the object–spatial distinction in individual differences—in particular, on the relationship of object and spatial–visual abilities to mathematics and science problem solving and then to object–spatial imagery differences between members of different professions. Finally, we discuss applications of the object–spatial dissociation in imagery for applied fields, such as personnel selection, training, and education.
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