Rethinking the 'Kurdish question' in Turkey: modernity, citizenship and democracy
Keyman, Fuat (2012) Rethinking the 'Kurdish question' in Turkey: modernity, citizenship and democracy. Philosophy and Social Criticism (Sp. Iss. SI), 38 (4-5). pp. 467-476. ISSN 0191-4537 (Print) 1461-734X (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0191453711435655
It is not possible to make Turkish modernity multicultural, Turkish democracy consolidated, Turkish economy sustainable, Turkish society a society of living together, and Turkish foreign policy proactive, multidimensional, and effective, without resolving the Kurdish question. In this article I will suggest that the democratic solution to the Kurdish question lies in (a) a critical analysis of state-centric Turkish modernity and its recent crisis, as the Kurdish identity has always been constructed as the Other of Turkish national identity; and (b) an attempt aiming at a democratic reconstruction of the political in Turkey, which sees a multicultural and differentiated understanding of constitutional citizenship as a constitutive norm of 'living together in diversity'. By doing so, it would be possible to seek a feasible and effective solution to the Kurdish question not in 'ethnic terms' but by exploring possible ways of 'articulating identity-claims to citizenship rights with an emphasis on the practice of democracy'.
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