Dynamic balancing of underactuated robots
Tüfekçiler, Neşe Ayşe (2010) Dynamic balancing of underactuated robots. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1301343 (Table of Contents)
This thesis presents the control of planar underactuated systems that have one less control input than the number of degrees of freedom. The underactuated robots are studied to achieve dynamically stable motions commonly encountered during robot locomotion. This work emphasizes the relation between the underactuated systems and biped locomotion and builds on the previous works in the literature on underactuated robot locomotion. Two planar system models are treated: an acrobatic robot and a compass biped with torso. The dynamic stability of fast periodic trajectories of these systems are regulated by designing asymptotically stable feedback controllers. The resulting internal dynamics of the systems are analyzed and shaped to achieve energy efficiency and robustness of the closed-loop system trajectories. In particular, Bézier polynomial approximations and parameter optimization methods are used to systematically construct the internal dynamics of the systems. Simulation results are presented for dynamically stable orbits of the acrobatic robot and the compass biped with torso.
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