Taxing women: a macroeconomic analysis
Güner, Nezih and Kaygusuz, Remzi and Ventura, Gustavo (2012) Taxing women: a macroeconomic analysis. Journal of Monetary Economics, 59 (1). pp. 111-128. ISSN 0304-3932
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoneco.2011.10.004
Based on well-known evidence on labor supply elasticities, several authors have concluded that women should be taxed at lower rates than men. We evaluate the quantitative implications and merits of this proposition. Relative to the current system of taxation, setting a proportional tax rate on married females equal to 4% (8%) increases output and married female labor force participation by about 3.9% (3.4%) and 6.9% (4.0%), respectively. Gender-based taxes improve welfare and are preferred by a majority of households. Nevertheless, welfare gains are higher when the U.S. tax system is replaced by a proportional, gender-neutral income tax.
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