Humanoid robot omnidirectional walking trajectory generation and control
Yılmaz, Metin (2010) Humanoid robot omnidirectional walking trajectory generation and control. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1302911 (Table of Contents)
Walking humanoid machines, once only seen or read in science fiction, became reality with the intensive research of the last four decades. However, there is a long way to go in the direction of technical achievements before humanoid robots can be used widely as human assistants. The design of a controller which can achieve a steady and stable walk is central in humanoid robotics. This control cannot be achieved if the reference trajectories are not generated suitably. The Zero Moment Point (ZMP) is the most widely used stability criterion for trajectory generation. The Center of Mass (CoM) reference can be obtained from the ZMP reference in a number of ways. A natural ZMP reference trajectory and a Fourier series approximation based method for computing the CoM reference from it, was previously proposed and published for the Sabanci University Robotics ReseArch Laboratory Platform (SURALP), for a straight walk. This thesis improves these techniques by modifying the straight walk reference trajectory into an omnidirectional one. The second contribution of this thesis is controller designs in order to cope with the changing slopes of the walking surface. The proposed controllers employ the trunk link rotational motion to adapt to the ground surface. A virtual pelvis link is introduced for the robots which do not posses roll and pitch axis in pelvis link. The proposed reference generation and control algorithms are tested on the humanoid robot SURALP. The experiments indicate that these methods are successful under various floor conditions.
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