Sparsity-driven image formation and space-variant focusing for SAR
Önhon, Özben Naime and Çetin, Müjdat (2011) Sparsity-driven image formation and space-variant focusing for SAR. In: 18th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 2011), Brussels, Belgium
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICIP.2011.6115795
In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, the presence of moving targets in the scene causes phase errors in the SAR data and subsequently defocusing in the formed image. The defocusing caused by the moving targets exhibits space-variant characteristics, i.e., the defocusing arises only in the parts of the image containing the moving targets, whereas the stationary background is not defocused. Considering that the reflectivity field to be imaged usually admits sparse representation, we propose a sparsity-driven method for joint SAR imaging and removing the defocus caused by moving targets. The method is performed in a nonquadratic regular-ization based framework by solving an optimization problem, in which prior information about both the scene and phase errors are incorporated as constraints.
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