Single channel speech music separation using nonnegative matrix factorization with sliding windows and spectral masks
Grais, Emad Mounir and Erdoğan, Hakan (2011) Single channel speech music separation using nonnegative matrix factorization with sliding windows and spectral masks. In: 12th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2011), Florence, Italy
A single channel speech-music separation algorithm based on nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) with sliding windows and spectral masks is proposed in this work. We train a set of basis vectors for each source signal using NMF in the magnitude spectral domain. Rather than forming the columns of the matrices to be decomposed by NMF of a single spectral frame, we build them with multiple spectral frames stacked in one column. After observing the mixed signal, NMF is used to decompose its magnitude spectra into a weighted linear combination of the trained basis vectors for both sources. An initial spectrogram estimate for each source is found, and a spectral mask is built using these initial estimates. This mask is used to weight the mixed signal spectrogram to find the contributions of each source signal in the mixed signal. The method is shown to perform better than the conventional NMF approach.
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