Engineering chemistry of electrospun nanofibers and interfaces in nanocomposites for superior mechanical properties
Özden, Elif and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. and Papila, Melih (2010) Engineering chemistry of electrospun nanofibers and interfaces in nanocomposites for superior mechanical properties. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2 (7). pp. 1788-1793. ISSN 1944-8244 (Print) 1944-8252 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am100288r
The novelty of this work is based on designing the chemistry of the electrospun nanofibers, so that the resultant composites substantially benefit from cross-linking between the nanofibers and the polymer matrix. Specifically, the solution of in-house synthesized copolymers polystyrene-co-glycidyl methacrylate P(St-co-GMA) is electrospun to produce mats of surface reactive nano-to-submicron scale fibers that are accompanied later by spraying over the ethylenediamine (EDA) as a supplementary cross-linking agent for epoxy. The P(St-co-GMA)/EDA fiber mats are then embedded into an epoxy resin. Analysis of the three-point-bending mode of the composites reveals that the storage modulus of P(St-co-GMA)/EDA nanofiber-reinforced epoxy are about 10 and 2.5 times higher than that of neat and P(St-co-GMA) nanofiber-reinforced epoxy, respectively, even though the weight fraction of the nanofibers was as low as 2 wt %. The significant increase in the mechanical response is attributed to the inherently cross-linked fiber structure and the surface modification/chemistry of the electrospun fibers, that results in cross-linked polymer matrix-nanofiber interfacial bonding.
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