Micromanipulation-force feedback pushing
Khan, Shahzad (2007) Micromanipulation-force feedback pushing. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1228181 (Table of Contents)
In micromanipulation applications, it is often desirable to position and orient polygonal micro-objects lying on a planar surface. Pushing micro-objects using point contact provides more flexibility and less complexity compared to pick and place operation. Due to the fact that in micro-world surface forces are much more dominant than inertial forces and these forces are distributed unevenly, pushing through the center of mass of the micro-object will not yield a pure translational motion. In order to translate a micro-object, the line of pushing should pass through the center of friction. Moreover, due to unexpected nature of the frictional forces between the micro-object and substrate, the maximum force applied to the micro-object needs to be limited to prevent any damage either to the probe or micro-object. In this dissertation, a semi-autonomous manipulation scheme is proposed to push microobjects with human assistance using a custom built tele-micromanipulation setup to achieve pure translational motion. The pushing operation can be divided into two concurrent processes: In one process human operator who acts as an impedance controller to switch between force-position controllers and alters the velocity of the pusher while in contact with the micro-object through scaled bilateral teleoperation with force feedback. In the other process, the desired line of pushing for the micro-object is determined continuously so that it always passes through the varying center of friction. Visual feedback procedures are adopted to align the resultant velocity vector at the contact point to pass through the center of friction in order to achieve pure translational motion of the micro-object. Experimental results are demonstrated to prove the effectiveness of the proposed controller along with nanometer scale position control, nano-Newton range force sensing, scaled bilateral teleoperation with force feedback.
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