Privacy in statistical databases UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy International Conference, PSD 2008, Istanbul, Turkey, September 24-26, 2008, Proceedings
Domingo-Ferrer, Josep and Saygın, Yücel, eds. (2008) Privacy in statistical databases UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy International Conference, PSD 2008, Istanbul, Turkey, September 24-26, 2008, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin. ISBN 9783540874706
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Privacy in statistical databases is a discipline whose purpose is to provide solutions to the tension between the increasing social, political and economical demand of accurate information, and the legal and ethical obligation to protect the privacy of the various parties involved. Those parties are the respondents (the individuals and enterprises to which the database records refer), the data owners (those organizations spending money in data collection) and the users (the ones querying the database, who would like their queries to stay confidential). Beyond law and ethics, there are also practical reasons for data collecting agencies to invest in respondent privacy: if individual respondents feel their privacy guaranteed, they are likely to provide more accurate responses. Data owner privacy is primarily motivated by practical considerations: if an enterprise collects data at its own expense, it may wish to minimize leakage of those data to other enterprises (even to those with whom joint data exploitation is planned). Finally, user privacy results in increased user satisfaction, even if it may curtail the ability of the database owner to profile users. There are at least two traditions in statistical database privacy, both of which started in the 1970s: one stems from official statistics, where the discipline is also known as statistical disclosure control (SDC), and the other originates from computer science and database technology. In official statistics, the basic concern is respondent privacy. In computer science, one started with respondent privacy but, from 2000 onwards, growing attention has been devoted to owner privacy (privacy-preserving data mining) and user privacy (private information retrieval). In the last few years, the interest and the achievements of computer scientists in the topic have substantially increased. “Privacy in Statistical Databases 2008” (PSD 2008) is held under the sponsorship of the UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, which intends to act as a stable umbrella for the PSD biennial conference series from now on. PSD 2008 is a successor of PSD 2006, the final conference of the Eurostat-funded CENEX-SDC project, held in Rome in 2006, and PSD 2004, the final conference of the EU FP5 CASC project (IST-2000-25069), held in Barcelona in 2004. Proceedings of PSD 2006 and PSD 2004 were published by Springer in LNCS 4302 and LNCS 3050, respectively. The three PSD conferences held so far are a follow-up of a series of high-quality technical conferences on SDC which started one decade ago with “Statistical Data Protection-SDP’98”, held in Lisbon in 1998 and with proceedings published by OPOCE, and continued with the AMRADS project SDC Workshop, held in Luxemburg in 2001 and with proceedings published by Springer in LNCS 2316.
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