Radiation grafted membranes
Alkan Gürsel, Selmiye and Gubler, Lorenz and Gupta, Bhuvanesh Gupta and Scherer, Günther G. (2008) Radiation grafted membranes. In: Abe, A. and Albertsson, A. C and Duncan, R and Duˇsek, K, (eds.) Fuel Cells 1. Advances in Polymer Science, 215. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 157-217. ISBN 978-3-540-69755-8
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/12_2008_153
The development of proton-exchange membranes for fuel cells has generated global interest in order to have a potential source of power for stationary and portable applications. The membrane is the heart of a fuel cell and the performance of a fuel cell depends largely on the physico-chemical nature of the membrane and its stability in the hostile environment of hydrogen and oxygen at elevated temperatures. Efforts are being made to develop membranes that are similar to commercial Nafion membranes in performance and are available at an affordable price. The radiation grafting of styrene and its derivatives onto existing polymer films and subsequent sulfonation of the grafted films has been an attractive route for developing these membranes with requiredchemistry and properties. The process of radiation grafting offers enormous possibilities for design of the polymer architecture by careful variation of the irradiation and the grafting conditions. A wide range of crosslinkers are available, which introduce stability to the membrane during its operation in fuel cells. Crosslinking of the base polymer prior to grafting has also been an attractive means of obtaining membranes with better performance. A systematic presentation is made of the grafting process into different polymers,the physical properties of the resultant membranes, and the fuel cell application of these membranes.
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