Two-tier, location-aware and highly resilient key predistribution scheme for wireless sensor networks /
Ünlü, Abdülhakim (2006) Two-tier, location-aware and highly resilient key predistribution scheme for wireless sensor networks /. [Thesis]
Sensor nodes are low power, tiny, and computationally restricted microelectromechanical devices that usually run on battery. They are capable of communicating over short distances and of sensing information for specific purposes. In sensor networks, large amount of sensor nodes are deployed over a wide region. For secure communication among sensor nodes, secure links must be established via key agreement. Due to resource constraints, achieving such key agreement in wireless sensor networks is non-trivial. Many key establishment schemes, like Diffie-Hellman and public-key cryptography based protocols, proposed for general networks are not so suitable for sensor networks due to resource constraints. Since one cannot generally assume a trusted infrastructure, keys and/or keying materials must be distributed to sensor nodes before deployment of them. Such key distribution schemes are called key predistribution schemes. After deployment, sensor nodes use predistributed keys and/or keying materials to establish secure links using various techniques. In this thesis, we propose a probabilistic key predistribution scheme, in which we assume that certain deployment knowledge is available prior to deployment of sensor nodes. We use a two-tier approach in which there are two types of nodes: regular nodes and agent nodes. Agent nodes, which constitute a small percentage of all nodes, are more capable than regular nodes. Most of the regular nodes can establish shared keys among themselves without the help of agent nodes, whereas some other regular nodes make use of agent nodes as intermediaries for key establishment. We give a comparative analysis of our scheme through simulations and show that our scheme provides good connectivity for the sensor network. Moreover, our scheme exhibits substantially strong node-capture resiliency against small-scale attacks, while the resiliency of the network degrades gracefully as the number of captured nodes increases. In addition, the proposed scheme is scalable such that increasing the number of nodes in the network does not degrade the performance and does not increase the complexity. Another good characteristic of our scheme is that it is resistant against node fabrication and partially resistant against wormhole attacks.
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