A sliding mode approach to visual motion estimation /
Yılmaz, Burak (2005) A sliding mode approach to visual motion estimation /. [Thesis]
The problem of estimating motion and structure from a sequence of images has been a major research theme in machine vision for many years and remains one of the most challenging ones. In this work, a new approach to this problem is presented; using sliding mode observers to estimate the motion and structure of a moving body with the aid of a CCD camera. A variety of dynamical systems which may arise in machine vision applications is considered and a novel identification procedure is developed for the estimation of both constant and time varying parameters. The basic procedure introduced for parameter estimation is to recast image feature dynamics linearly in terms of unknown parameters and construct a sliding mode observer to produce asymptotically correct estimates of the observed image features, and then use 'equivalent control' to explicitly compute paramters. Much of the procedure presented in this work has been substantiated by computer simulations and real experiments.
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