Improving network reliability by exploiting path diversity in ad hoc networks with bursty losses
Ocakoğlu, Özleyiş (2005) Improving network reliability by exploiting path diversity in ad hoc networks with bursty losses. [Thesis]
In wireless mobile ad hoc networks, end-to-end connections are often subject to failures which do not make the connection non-operational indefinitely but interrupt the communication for intermittent short periods of time. These intermittent failures usually arise from the mobility of hosts, dynamics of the wireless medium or energy-saving mechanisms, and cause bursty packet losses. Reliable communication in this kind of an environment is becoming more important with the emerging use of ad hoc networks for carrying diverse multimedia applications such as voice, video and data. In this thesis, we present a new path reliability model that captures intermittent availability of the paths, and we devise a routing strategy based on our path reliability model in order to improve the network reliability. Our routing strategy takes the advantage of path diversity in the network and uses a diversity coding scheme in order not to compromise efficiency. In diversity coding scheme, if the original information is encoded by using a (N,K) code, then it is enough for the destination to receive any K bits correctly out of N bits to successfully decode the original information. In our scheme, the original information is divided into N subpackets and subpackets are distributed among the available disjoint paths in the network. The distribution of subpackets among the diverse paths is a crucial decision. The subpackets should be distributed 'intelligently' so that the probability of successful reconstruction of the original information is maximized. Given the failure statistics of the paths, and the code rate (N, K), our strategy determines the allocation of subpackets to each path in such a manner that the probability of reconstruction of the original information at the destination is maximized. Simulation results justify the accuracy and efficiency of our approach. Additionally, simulation results show that our multipath routing strategy improves the network reliability substantially compared to the single path routing. In wireless networks, a widely used strategy is to place the nodes into a low energy consuming sleep mode in order to prolong the battery life. In this study, we also consider the cases where the intermittent availability of the nodes is due to the sleep/awake cycles of wireless nodes. A sleep/awake scheduling strategy is proposed which minimizes the packet latency while satisfying the energy saving ratio specified by the energy saving mechanism.
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