Fast target detection in radar images using Rayleigh mixtures and summed area tables
Nar, Fatih and Okman, Osman Erman and Özgür, Atilla and Çetin, Müjdat (2018) Fast target detection in radar images using Rayleigh mixtures and summed area tables. Digital Signal Processing (SI), 77 . pp. 86-101. ISSN 1051-2004 (Print) 1095-4333 (Online)
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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsp.2017.09.015
As the first step of automatic image interpretation systems, automatic detection of targets should be accurate and fast. For Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images, Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) is the most popular framework used for target detection. In CFAR, modeling of the clutter is crucial since the decision threshold is calculated based on this model. In this study, we propose to model the background statistics using a Rayleigh Mixture (RM) model. Such an approach facilitates modeling of complex statistics, including but not limited to those involved in heavy tailed distributions, which are shown to be good fits especially for high resolution SAR images. We also propose an efficient method to evaluate CFAR thresholds according to the proposed model by use of Summed Area Tables (SAT). SAT provides a remarkable efficiency as the Rayleigh distribution is represented by only one parameter that can be estimated using simple moments. Tiling and parallel implementation is also utilized for fast computation of results. The outcome is a highly-accurate, extremely fast, and adaptive target detection approach that can be seamlessly used with a variety of complex SAR scenes. Our experiments compare the proposed approach with existing target detection methods and demonstrate its effectiveness as well as the benefits it provides.
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