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Essays in microeconomics theory

Alioğulları, Zeynel Harun (2015) Essays in microeconomics theory. [Thesis]

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Official URL: http://risc01.sabanciuniv.edu/record=b1606732 (Table of Contents)

Abstract

This thesis consists of three independent chapters. Each of them represents an area of my research interests. The first chapter of thesis contributes to the Game Theory. We propose a complexity measure and an associated re nement based on the observation that best responses with more variations call for more precise anticipation. The variations around strategy pro les are measured by considering the cardinalities of players' pure strategy best responses when others' behavior is perturbed. After showing that the resulting selection method displays desirable properties, it is employed to deliver a re nement: the tenacious selection of Nash equilibrium. We prove that it exists; does not have containment relations with perfection, properness, persistence and other re nements; and possesses some desirable features. The second chapter of this thesis contributes to the random assignment problem literature. We introduce aggregate e ciency (AE) for random assignments (RA) by requiring higher expected numbers of agents be assigned to their more preferred choices. It is shown that the realizations of any aggregate e cient random assignment (AERA) must be an AE permutation matrix. While AE implies ordinally efficiency, the reverse does not hold. And there is no mechanism treating equals equally while satisfying weak strategyproofness and AE. But, a new mechanism, the reservation-1 (R1), is identi ed and shown to provide an improvement on grounds of AE over the probabilistic serial mechanism of Bogomolnia et al. (2001). We prove that R1 is weakly strategyproof, ordinally e cient, and weak envy{free. Moreover, the characterization of R1 displays that it is the probabilistic serial mechanism updated by a principle decreed by the Turkish parliament concerning the random assignment of new doctors. In the third chapter, we consider a NIRMP matching marketplace consisting of ordered set of doctors and hospitals, and two-stage Interviewing and Preference Reporting Game where hospitals acquire information through interviews and submit contingent rankings to a center enforcing university-optimal matching. In this setting, we provide a `simple' example in which there exist no pure strategy Nash equilibrium. Then, we characterize a domain (of doctors' preferences) where each hospital's interview set forms a `ladder'.

Item Type:Thesis
Additional Information:Yükseköğretim Kurulu Tez Merkezi Tez No: 388889.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Refinements of nash equilibrium. -- Random assignment problem. -- Aggregate efficieny. -- R1 Mechanism. -- Information acquisition. -- Nash dengesi. -- Rassal atama problemi. -- Toplam verimlilik; R1 Mekanizması. -- Bilgi edinimi.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
ID Code:34820
Deposited By:IC-Cataloging
Deposited On:14 May 2018 10:21
Last Modified:14 May 2018 10:24

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