Different destinations similar outcomes: migrants in the biggest labor markets in Turkey
Öker, İbrahim (2014) Different destinations similar outcomes: migrants in the biggest labor markets in Turkey. [Thesis]
Having been an important phenomenon for Turkey, migration has attracted Turkish scholars from different disciplines and a vast literature has been produced starting from 1970s. Most of economic works have taken the determinants of internal migration in Turkey as the core of their study benefitting from the existing migration literature in the world. However, economic literature in Turkey has been reluctant to conduct researches about the consequences of migration for migrants. Departing from this deficit, present study seeks answers to the following questions: 1) to what extent do the migrants having similar backgrounds obtain similar socio-economic rewards in four metropolitans (Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Adana) in Turkey?; 2) Could migrants obtain the same job market outcomes with residents in Istanbul, Ankara Izmir and Adana?. By using logit estimates for risk of unemployment, it concludes that risk of unemployment for migrants is lower than non-migrants in Istanbul, but higher in the other regions under consideration. OLS results reveal that migrants are mostly the ones earning more than the non-migrants in Izmir, Ankara and Adana, yet in Istanbul migrants are making less income than non-migrants. Study also notes that college graduate migrants are the most privileged ones in terms of earnings in each region. Finally, multinomial logit regressions show that migrants are less likely to be in the first classes in Istanbul and Izmir, whilst movers are more likely to stand on top of the social stratification in Adana and Ankara.
Repository Staff Only: item control page