Dual port microstrip patch antennas and circuits with high interport isolation for in-band full duplex (IBFD) wireless applications
Nawaz, Haq (2017) Dual port microstrip patch antennas and circuits with high interport isolation for in-band full duplex (IBFD) wireless applications. [Thesis]
In-Band Full Duplex (IBFD) is one effective way to increase the spectral efficiency and the throughput of wireless communication systems by transmitting and receiving simultaneously on the same frequency band but the coupling (called Self Interference or SI) of transmit signal to its receiver is one major problem. IBFD operation can be realized successfully by suppressing this coupling or Self Interference (SI). The required amount of SI cancellation depends on the power and bandwidth of transmitted signal. Generally, the SI should be suppressed to RF transceiver noise floor. To achieve this amount of SI suppression, SI suppression mechanism is normally implemented at three stages across the IBFD transceiver and they are known as antenna cancellation, RF/analog cancellation and digital base-band cancellation. Most of the SI suppression is achieved at antenna stage to relax the required amount of SI cancellation at the rest of two stages .Thus, a dual port microstrip patch antenna with very high port to port RF isolation is required in addition to digital self interference cancellation techniques to enable simultaneous transmit and receive wireless operation at same carrier frequency using single antenna for full duplex radio transceivers. The objective of my research work presented in this dissertation is to design, implement and measure dual port microstrip patch antennas which deploy different feeding techniques along with Self Interference Cancellation (SIC) circuits to get high interport isolation to enable such antennas for realization of IBFD wireless operation using single/shared antenna architecture. The goal is to achieve high interport isolation for dual port antenna with minimum effect on radiation performance of antennas.
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