Development of an incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics method for electrohydrodynamics of immiscible fluids and rigid particles
Tofighi, Nima (2016) Development of an incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics method for electrohydrodynamics of immiscible fluids and rigid particles. [Thesis]
An incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics method for modeling immiscible and isothermal flow of two- and three-phase Newtonian fluids and solid particles subject to an external electric field has been developed. Continuum surface force method is used to calculate the surface tension forces on fluid-fluid interfaces. The materials are assumed to be either perfect or leaky dielectrics. Solid particles are modeled using viscous penalty method coupled with rigidity constraints. The equations are discretized using corrected derivatives and artificial particle displacement is used to ensure homogeneous particle distribution. The projection method is used to advance the governing equations of the flow and electric field in time. The components of the scheme are tested in three stages of two- and three-phase hydrodynamics, multiphase electrohydrodynamics and fluid-structure/solid interaction. The results of each stage is compared to experimental and numerical data available in literature and their validity is established. The combination of the individual elements of the numerical method is used to simulate the motion of rigid particles submerged in Newtonian fluids subject to an external electric field. The behavior of the particles are found to be in agreement with experimental and numerical observations found in the literature. This shows the applicability of the proposed incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics scheme in simulating such complex and relatively unexplored phenomena.
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