Floral development in Thermopsis turcica, an unusual multicarpellate papilionoid legume
Sinjushin, Andrey A. and Tekdal, Dilek and Çiftçi, Cem and Çetiner, Selim (2018) Floral development in Thermopsis turcica, an unusual multicarpellate papilionoid legume. Plant Systematics and Evolution . ISSN 0378-2697 (Print) 1615-6110 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-018-1491-6
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00606-018-1491-6
The vast majority of the species of family Leguminosae have an apocarpous monomerous gynoecium. However, only a few taxa regularly produce multicarpellate gynoecia. The only known species of papilionoid legumes which has both a typical “flag blossom” and more than one carpel is Thermopsis turcica (tribe Thermopsideae). We studied the floral ontogeny of T. turcica with special reference to its gynoecium initiation and development. Flowers arise in simple terminal racemes in a helical order and are subtended by bracts. Bracteoles are initiated but then suppressed. Sepals appear more or less simultaneously. Then, petals emerge and remain retarded in development until later stages. The gynoecium usually includes three carpels with an abaxial one initiating first and two adaxial carpels arising later and developing somewhat asynchronously. The abaxial carpel appears concomitant with the outer stamens and is always oriented with its cleft toward the adaxial side, while the adaxial carpels face each other with their clefts and have them slightly turned to the adaxial side. Rarely uni-, bi- or tetracarpellate flowers arise. Seed productivity of T. turcica is on approximately the same level as in unicarpellate species of Thermopsis hence supporting the fact that the multicarpellate habit is adaptive or at least not harmful in this species.
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