Optimization and experimental realization of the quantum permutation algorithm
Yalçınkaya, İ. and Gedik, Zafer (2017) Optimization and experimental realization of the quantum permutation algorithm. Physical Review A, 96 (6). ISSN 1050-2947 (Print) 1094-1622 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.96.062339
The quantum permutation algorithm provides computational speed-up over classical algorithms for determining the parity of a given cyclic permutation. For its n-qubit implementations, the number of required quantum gates scales quadratically with n due to the quantum Fourier transforms included. We show here for the n-qubit case that the algorithm can be simplified so that it requires only O(n) quantum gates, which theoretically reduces the complexity of the implementation. To test our results experimentally, we utilize IBM's 5-qubit quantum processor to realize the algorithm by using the original and simplified recipes for the 2-qubit case. It turns out that the latter results in a significantly higher success probability which allows us to verify the algorithm more precisely than the previous experimental realizations. We also verify the algorithm for the first time for the 3-qubit case with a considerable success probability by taking the advantage of our simplified scheme.
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