Real-time and tunable substrate for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy by synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles via electrolysis
Sardari Ghojehbeiglou, Behzad and Özcan, Meriç (2017) Real-time and tunable substrate for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy by synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles via electrolysis. Scientific Reports, 7 . ISSN 2045-2322
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08199-0
Here we show the capability of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles formed on copper (Cu) electrodes by the electrolysis as a real time active substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). We have experimentally found that using just the ultra pure water as the electrolyte and the Cu electrodes, ions are extracted from the copper anode form copper oxide nanoparticles on the anode surface in matter of minutes. Average particle size on the anode reaches to 100 nm in ninety seconds and grows to about 300 nm in five minutes. This anode is used in Raman experiments in real time as the nanoparticles were forming and the maximum enhancement factor (EF) of Raman signals were over five orders of magnitude. Other metal electrodes made of brass, zinc (Zn), silver (Ag) and aluminum (Al) were also tried for the anode material for a possible real-time substrate for SERS applications. Experimentally obtained enhancement factors were above five orders of magnitude for brass electrodes like the copper but for the other metals no enhancement is observed. Electron microscope images show the cubic nanoparticle formation on copper and brass electrodes but none in the other metals studied.
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