## Greed is good: parallel algorithms for bipartite-graph partial coloring on multicore architecturesTaş, Mustafa Kemal and Kaya, Kamer and Saule, Erik (2017)
## AbstractIn parallel computing, a valid graph coloring yields a lock-free processing of the colored tasks, data points, etc., without expensive synchronization mechanisms. However, coloring is not free and the overhead can be significant. In particular, for the bipartite-graph partial coloring (BGPC) and distance-2 graph coloring (D2GC) problems, which have various use-cases within the scientific computing and numerical optimization domains, the coloring overhead can be in the order of minutes with a single thread for many real-life graphs. In this work, we propose parallel algorithms for bipartite- graph partial coloring on shared-memory architectures. Com- pared to the existing shared-memory BGPC algorithms, the proposed ones employ greedier and more optimistic techniques that yield a better parallel coloring performance. In particular, on 16 cores, the proposed algorithms are more than 4× faster than their counterparts in the ColPack library which is, to the best of our knowledge, the only publicly-available coloring library for multicore architectures. In addition to BGPC, the proposed techniques are employed to devise parallel distance-2 graph coloring algorithms and similar performance improvements have been observed. Finally, we propose two costless balancing heuristics for BGPC that can reduce the skewness and imbalance on the cardinality of color sets (almost) for free. The heuristics can also be used for the D2GC problem and in general, they will probably yield a better color-based parallelization performance especially on many-core architectures.
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