Assistive control for non-contact machining of random shaped contours
Baran, Abdurrahman Eray (2014) Assistive control for non-contact machining of random shaped contours. [Thesis]
Recent achievements in robotics and automation technology has opened the door towards different machining methodologies based on material removal. Considering the non force feedback nature of non-contact machining methods, careful attention on motion control design is a primary requirement for successful achievement of precise cutting both in machining and in surgery processes. This thesis is concerned with the design of pre-processing methods and motion control techniques to provide both automated and human-assistive non-contact machining of random and complex shaped contours. In that sense, the first part of the thesis focuses on extraction of contours and generation of reference trajectories or constraints for the machining system. Based on generated trajectories, two different control schemes are utilized for high precision automated machining. In the first scheme, preview control is adopted for enhancing the tracking performance. In the second scheme, control action is generated based on direct computation of contouring error in the operational space by introducing a new coordinate frame moving with the reference contour. Further, non-contact machining is extended for realization in a master/slave telerobotic framework to enable manual remote cutting by a human operator. With the proposed approach, the human operator (i.e. a surgeon) is limited to conduct motion within a desired virtual constraint and is equipped with the ability of adjusting the cutting depth over a that contour providing advantage for laser surgery applications. The proposed framework is experimentally tested and results of the experiments prove the applicability of proposed motion control schemes and show the validity of contributions made in the context of thesis.
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