Improved security and privacy preservation for biometric hashing
Karabat, Çağatay (2013) Improved security and privacy preservation for biometric hashing. [Thesis]
We address improving verification performance, as well as security and privacy aspects of biohashing methods in this thesis. We propose various methods to increase the verification performance of the random projection based biohashing systems. First, we introduce a new biohashing method based on optimal linear transform which seeks to find a better projection matrix. Second, we propose another biohashing method based on a discriminative projection selection technique that selects the rows of the random projection matrix by using the Fisher criterion. Third, we introduce a new quantization method that attempts to optimize biohashes using the ideas from diversification of error-correcting output codes classifiers. Simulation results show that introduced methods improve the verification performance of biohashing. We consider various security and privacy attack scenarios for biohashing methods. We propose new attack methods based on minimum l1 and l2 norm reconstructions. The results of these attacks show that biohashing is vulnerable to such attacks and better template protection methods are necessary. Therefore, we propose an identity verification system which has new enrollment and authentication protocols based on threshold homomorphic encryption. The system can be used with any biometric modality and feature extraction method whose output templates can be binarized, therefore it is not limited to biohashing. Our analysis shows that the introduced system is robust against most security and privacy attacks conceived in the literature. In addition, a straightforward implementation of its authentication protocol is su ciently fast enough to be used in real applications.
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