Sequential sensor installation for Wiener disorder detection
Dayanık, Savaş and Sezer, Semih Onur (2016) Sequential sensor installation for Wiener disorder detection. Mathematics of Operations Research, 41 (3). pp. 827-850. ISSN 0364-765X (Print) 1526-5471 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/moor.2015.0756
We consider a centralized multi-sensor online quickest disorder detection problem where the observation from each sensor is a Wiener process gaining a constant drift at a common unobservable disorder time. The objective is to detect the disorder time as quickly as possible with small probability of false alarms. Unlike the earlier work on multi-sensor change detection problems, we assume that the observer can apply a sequential sensor installation policy. At any time before a disorder alarm is raised, the observer can install new sensors to collect additional observations. The sensors are statistically identical, and there is a fixed installation cost per sensor. We propose a Bayesian formulation of the problem. We identify an optimal policy consisting of a sequential sensor installation strategy and an alarm time, which minimize a linear Bayes risk of detection delay, false alarm, and new sensor installations. We also provide a numerical algorithm and illustrate it on examples. Our numerical examples show that significant reduction in the Bayes risk can be attained compared to the case where we apply a static sensor policy only. In some examples, the optimal sequential sensor installation policy starts with 30% less number of sensors than the optimal static sensor installation policy and the total percentage savings reach to 12%.
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