Investigation of intergeneric crossability of Vicia faba L. and Thermopsis turcica Kit Tan, Vural et Küçüködük
Tekdal, Dilek and Çetiner, Selim Investigation of intergeneric crossability of Vicia faba L. and Thermopsis turcica Kit Tan, Vural et Küçüködük. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution . ISSN 0925-9864 (Print) 1573-5109 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-016-0459-z
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-016-0459-z
An unilocular ovary is often observed in the Fabaceae family. Thermopsis turcica Kit Tan, Vural et Küçüködük is an endemic, rare plant species in Turkey that is distinguished by its multi-carpellary apocarpous ovaries. No research has been conducted on the crossing of T. turcica with other species to date. Vicia faba L. (fababean) (2n = 12), which is one of the oldest crops used for human and animal consumption, and Thermopsis turcica (2n = 18) were selected to explore the possibility of increasing yield in edible crops by intergeneric crossing. When T. turcica was used as a male parent, pollen germination and pollen tube growth appeared to be normal and globular embryo formation was observed, but hybrid seeds aborted due to post-fertilization barriers. In contrast, in all crosses in which T. turcica was used as a maternal parent, an embryo was not obtained, and viability of the pistil did not exceed 10 days after pollination. Also, in the samples left to free pollination, pistils died in a few days after anthers were removed just before pre-anthesis. Inability to obtain viable seeds by hybridization of Vicia faba and T. turcica should not be considered as a demonstration of complete incompatibility of the species in intergeneric crosses. The present report constitutes the first study on this issue.
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