Hydrogen storage and thermal transport properties of pelletized porous Mg-2 wt.% multiwall carbon nanotubes and Mg-2 wt.% graphite composites
Popilevsky , L. and Skripnyuk, V. M. and Beregovsky, M. and Sezen, Meltem and Amouyal, Y. and Rabkin, E. (2016) Hydrogen storage and thermal transport properties of pelletized porous Mg-2 wt.% multiwall carbon nanotubes and Mg-2 wt.% graphite composites. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41 (32). pp. 14461-14474. ISSN 0360-3199 (Print) 1879-3487 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.03.014
We synthesized pelletized porous composites of Mg admixed with 2 wt.% of either multiwall carbon nanotubes or graphite. The composites were prepared by high energy ball-milling of Mg powder with carbonaceous additives, followed by uniaxial compression and sintering in hydrogen environment under mechanical constraint. The correlations between ball-milling conditions, composite microstructure, hydrogenation kinetics, and thermal conductivity of the pellets were established. The presence and condition of carbon additives controls the morphology of Mg particles and, consequently, the mechanical stability of the pellet upon hydrogenation cycling. The best combination of hydrogen desorption kinetics, thermal conductivity, and mechanical stability was obtained for the pellets synthesized from the mixture of Mg with 2 wt.% of carbon nanotubes processed by 4 h of co-milling. The milling transformed carbon nanotubes into carbon nano-particles/nano-onions. These carbonaceous species promote metal nucleation from the hydride phase and allow formation of Mg-Mg bonds between the Mg particles contributing to mechanical stability of the pellet.
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