Experimental study on subcooled flow boiling in horizontal microtubes and effect of heated length
Khalili Sadaghiani, Abdolali and Koşar, Ali (2016) Experimental study on subcooled flow boiling in horizontal microtubes and effect of heated length. Heat Transfer Engineering . ISSN 0145-7632 (Print) 1521-0537 (Online) Published Online First http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01457632.2016.1189270
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01457632.2016.1189270
In this study, subcooled flow boiling was investigated in horizontal microtubes. Experiments were conducted using deionized water as the working fluid over a mass flux range of 4000 - 7000 kgm−2s−1 in microtubes with inner and outer diameters of ∼600 and ∼900 μm, respectively. Microtubes with lengths of 3, 6 and 12 cm were tested to clarify the effect of heated length on flow boiling heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics. A force analysis related to two phase flow was conducted to understand the effect of forces on bubble dynamics. Pressure drop and heat transfer data in flow boiling were acquired. Experimental heat flux data were compared with partial boiling heat flux correlations, and good agreements were obtained. Pressure drop was larger in longer microtubes in comparison to shorter ones, while higher heat fluxes were obtained in shorter microtubes at the same wall superheat. Two-phase heat transfer coefficient increased with the microtube length due to lower temperature difference between wall temperature and bulk fluid temperature in longer microtubes. Higher heat fluxes achieved in shorter microtubes at the same wall superheat imply higher critical heat fluxes in shorter microtubes.
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