Hash graph based key predistribution scheme for mobile and multiphase wireless sensor networks
Sarımurat, Salim (2013) Hash graph based key predistribution scheme for mobile and multiphase wireless sensor networks. [Thesis]
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) consist of small sensor nodes which operate until their energy reserve is depleted. These nodes are generally deployed to the environments where network lifespan is much longer than the lifetime of a node. Therefore, WSN are typically operated in a multiphase fashion, where new nodes are periodically deployed to the environment to ensure constant local and global network connectivity. Besides, significant amount of the research in the literature studies only static WSN and there is very limited work considering mobility of the sensor nodes. In this thesis, we present a key predistribution scheme for mobile and multiphase WSN which is resilient against eager and temporary node capture attacks. In our Hash Graph based (HaG) scheme, every generation has its own key pool which is generated using the key pool of the previous generation. This allows nodes deployed at different generations to have the ability to establish secure channels. Likewise, a captured node can only be used to obtain keys for a limited amount of successive generations. We also consider sensor nodes as mobile and use different mobility models to show its effects on the performance. We compare the connectivity and resiliency performance of our scheme with a well-known multiphase key predistribution scheme and show that our scheme performs better when the attack rate is low. When the attack rate increases, our scheme still has better resiliency performance considering that it requires less key ring size compared to a state-of-the-art multiphase scheme.
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