Sustained delivery of siRNA from dopamine-coated stainless steel surfaces
Joddar, Binata and Albayrak, Aydın and Kang, Jeonghwa and Nishihara, Mizuki and Abe, Hiroshi and Ito, Yoshihiro (2013) Sustained delivery of siRNA from dopamine-coated stainless steel surfaces. Acta Biomaterialia, 9 (5). pp. 6753-6761. ISSN 1742-7061 (Print) 1878-7568 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2013.01.007
Dopamine, an adhesive protein can be covalently deposited onto biomaterials. In this study, we evaluated the ability of dopamine-coated surfaces for small interfering RNA (siRNA) immobilization and release. Dopamine was deposited onto 316L stainless steel discs either as a monolayer at acidic pH or as polydopamine at alkaline pH, following which siRNA was immobilized onto these discs. To investigate the RNA interference ability of immobilized siRNA, reduction of luciferase expression in HeLa, and reduction of Egr-1 expression and cell proliferation in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HAoSMCs) were determined. Dopamine treatment of 316L stainless steel discs under both the acidic and alkaline conditions resulted in the deposition of amino (NH2) groups, which enabled electrostatic immobilization of siRNA. The immobilized siRNA was released from both types of coatings, and enhanced the percent suppression of firefly luciferase activity of HeLa significantly up to similar to 96.5% compared to HeLa on non-dopamine controls (18%). Both the release of siRNA and the percent suppression of firefly luciferase activity were sustained for at least 7 days. In another set of experiments, siRNA sequences targeting to inhibit the activity of the transcription factor Egr-1 were eluted from dopamine-coated surfaces to HAoSMCs. Egr-1 siRNA eluted from dopamine-coated surfaces, significantly reduced the proliferation of HAoSMCs and their protein expression of Egr-1. Therefore, this method of surface immobilization of siRNA onto dopamine-coated surfaces might be effective for nucleic acid delivery from stents.
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