Broadband x-ray spectral investigations of magnetars, 4U 0142+61, 1E 1841–045,1E 2259+586, and 1E 1048.1-5937
Weng, Shan-Shan and Göğüş, Ersin (2015) Broadband x-ray spectral investigations of magnetars, 4U 0142+61, 1E 1841–045,1E 2259+586, and 1E 1048.1-5937. Astrophysical Journal, 815 (1). ISSN 0004-637X (Print) 1538-4357 (Online)
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We have generated an extended version of a rather simplified but physically oriented three-dimensional magnetar emission model, STEMS3D, to allow spectral investigations up to 100 keV. We then applied our model to the broadband spectra of four magnetars: 4U 0142+61, 1E 1841–045, 1E 2259+586, and 1E 1048.1–5937, using data collected with Swift/XRT or XMM-Newton in soft X-rays, and the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array in the hard X-ray band. We found that the hard X-ray emission of 4U 0142+61 was spectrally hard compared to earlier detections, indicating that the source was likely in a transition to or from a harder state. We find that the surface properties of the four magnetars are consistent with what we have obtained using only the soft X-ray data with STEMS3D, implying that our physically motivated magnetar emission model is a robust tool. Based on our broadband spectral investigations, we conclude that resonant scattering of the surface photons in the magnetosphere alone cannot account for the hard X-ray emission in magnetars; therefore, an additional non-thermal process, or a population of relativistic electrons is required. We also discuss the implication of the non-detection of persistent hard X-ray emission in 1E 1048.1–5937.
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