Urban informality and economic vulnerability the case of Turkey
Çarkoğlu, Ali and Eder, Mine (2006) Urban informality and economic vulnerability the case of Turkey. (Submitted)
Based on four different national surveys in Turkey (household, shopkeepers and bazaaris and street vendors), the paper proposes that informality can be better understood as an activity resembling a continuum rather than arbitrary formal/informal dichotomies. Measuring the prevalence of informal practices through six indicators suggests that shopkeepers tend to be more formal than household while bazaaris and street vendors appear more informal. Many factors determine the degree of informality, but degree of economic vulnerability is one of the most important in capturing why and how individuals adopt informal practices. As degree of economic vulnerability increases so does degree of informality.
Repository Staff Only: item control page