Effect of ionic radius of a-site dopants on the phase transition temperature and crystal structure of bismuth ferrite/ Mohammadreza Khodabakhsh; thesis advisor İbrahim Burç Mısırlıoğlu.
Khodabakhsh, Mohammadreza (2014) Effect of ionic radius of a-site dopants on the phase transition temperature and crystal structure of bismuth ferrite/ Mohammadreza Khodabakhsh; thesis advisor İbrahim Burç Mısırlıoğlu. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1558925 (Table of Contents)
Doping of ferroics is often intended to generate new functionalities or enhance the already existing properties but it comes at the expense of local structural distortions around dopants in the lattice. We have reported on the effect of A-site doping and their effect on the phase transition temperatures of sol-gel synthesized Bi1-xAxFeO3 (A: Gd, Sm, La) powders as a function of dopant type and concentration. A clear direct correlation between structural parameters and transition temperatures was noted as a function of ionic radii of dopants for any given concentration, implying the effect of inhomogeneous lattice strains around dopants. There is a dramatic reduction in the phase transition temperatures of BiFeO3 upon doping determined with differential thermal analyses. This is accompanied by a partial volume of the grains gradually shifting from the bulk rhombohedral towards a higher symmetry one evidenced by X-ray diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy for Sm and Gd doped powders while this effect is minimal in La doped powders. We find that a phase mixture forms in powders whose fraction is a strong function of dopant radius for a given concentration. Moreover, there is a direct correlation between the ionic radius and the extent of reduction in the transition temperature of the polar phase in the mixture for a given dopant concentration. We suggest a mechanism to explain the inhomogeneous nature of the transition of the sol-gel synthesized powders where the dramatic reduction in the transition temperatures of Sm and Gd doped BiFeO3 is due to local lattice strains around unit cells containing dopant ions that create gradients in polarization leading to internal depolarizing fields, possibly stabilizing non-polar phases. We conclude that local disappearance of stereochemical activity of Bi+3 due to lone pairs is not sufficient to explain dramatic changes in phase transition temperatures because of strong dependence on ionic radii of dopants.
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